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The Association Between Telomere Length Tests and Treatment Recommendations

Telomeres are what you call the endcaps present in one’s DNA. Based on studies by scientists and physicians, the length of the telomeres has a five-percent variability rate once you measure it. Recent research studies show that telomere length testing can help health professionals decide the best treatment for patients who have certain types of conditions. These diseases are often associated with specific kinds of bone marrow failure. Telomere length testing has been proven to offer health professionals a lot of benefits in more ways than one, especially in dealing with their patients. These days, a lot of research studies have been done in measuring telomere lengths to make smart treatment decisions for patients and their disease conditions. This article will provide you a glimpse of these many studies.

When it comes to studies carried out on particular health conditions, scientists have shown that there are diseases related to short telomeres. A study carried out and published last February proves that measuring the length of telomeres offers results that help identify individuals who are at an increased risk of getting diseases with characteristic short telomeres. Heritable diseases characterized by bone marrow failure or pulmonary fibrosis are health conditions that are often associated with very short telomeres. Health diseases associated with short telomeres have been found to affect around 5,000 to 10,000 Americans. A lot of health professionals even agree that this group of diseases affect the same number of people as those suffering from particular kinds of leukemia. The prevalence is even thought of to be higher than the present-day estimates.

In order for the proper measurement of telomere lengths, the utilization of a clinically reliable tool is a must. This is crucial when it comes to the application of the test in hospital settings. Doctors can then access the results that they get from measuring telomere lengths. These results are something that doctors use for them to provide recommendations for treatment as well as have a proper diagnosis for their patients.

Telomeres are vital to your DNA because they serve as reliable protection for its ends. In short, they function like plastic tubes that you find at the ends of your shoelaces. As you age, they shorten naturally. When it comes to telomeres of your DNA, they are made of repetitive DNA sequences. The length of normal telomeres are enough to withstand erosion and damages that take place over a normal cell lifespan. Cells that have very short telomeres cannot take care of these damages. They are far easier to blow up DNA endcaps. This is why people suffer from certain diseases. People with short telomeres are not only at risk for bone marrow failure and pulmonary fibrosis. Other conditions that these people can suffer from include other types of cancers, myelodysplastic syndrome, liver disease, and emphysema. This is why it is important to have tests that accurately measure telomere length.

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