Noteworthy Facts About Telomeres
In modern times, you see a lot of use for telomerase analysis technology (TAT) in the field of medicine. In a nutshell, this test is a biomarker that is capable of determining risks and early prognosis o of certain illnesses like cancer. The length of the telomere is key aspect in this process, involving their analysis and evaluation. There is a link between the length of telomeres and various age-related diseases. Telomeres may be used as an individual biomarker or in combination with other biomarkers. What makes analyzing telomeres much more convenient will have to be the fact that you can get it from various samples of the body. If you have plans of using telomerase analysis technology, you have to first get to know telomeres and what they are all about. For some noteworthy facts about telomeres, find out here and get info.
As previously stated, there is a link between the length of your telomeres and age-related health conditions. Aging is a normal life occurrence. As of this writing, there are still a lot of things that need to be discovered about aging, why it happens, and what causes it. Different scientists come up with different theories like DNA damaged by oxidative stress. Should glucose be blamed as well? Perhaps the human body have cells that follow a well-programmed biological timetable? Perhaps aging is caused by a combination of these factors and even more that people can’t seem to understand.
According to one theory, the natural aging process is associated with one’s telomeres. Your chromosomes are essentially composed of DNA molecules whose ends come with protective caps that you call telomeres. Their main responsibility is to stop the ends of chromosomes from sticking together or fraying.
Telomeres also play a crucial role in ensuring that a person’s DNA is properly copied when cells divide. Unfortunately, there are some instances in DNA replication that some of the building blocks of DNA or nucleotides found at the end of the strand are unable to make it into the new copy of the DNA. This leads to the loss of some important genetic information. As cells continuously divide, these DNA strands tend to get shorter.
So, how come cells still have some DNA left after the division they’ve undergone? To answer this question, you have to take a look at how telomeres work. With telomeres, you are getting the same DNA sequence that is repeated all over, making them seem disposable in a sense. They serve the purpose of keeping the rest of your DNA protected. They function by not losing any other crucial genetic information even if they gradually get shorter over time.
Cells age when telomeres shorten as well as other factors. When telomeres become very short, cells cannot divide anymore. Once these cells reach a crucial point, the cell will no longer be active making it either die or slowly accumulate some damage that it cannot fix.